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培根散文随笔集第27章:Of Friendship 论友谊(中英

2019年10月14日 英语美文 暂无评论
摘要:

培根散文随笔集中英对照,通过阅读文学名著学语言,是掌握英语的绝佳方法。既可接触原汁原味的英语,又能享受文学之美,一举两得,何乐不为?

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培根散文随笔集中英对照,通过阅读文学名著学语言,是掌握英语的绝佳方法。既可接触原汁原味的英语,又能享受文学之美,一举两得,何乐不为? www.verywen.com

27 of friendship 论友谊 copyright verywen.com

it had been hard for him that spake it, to have put more truth and untruth together in few words, than in that speech; whosoever is delighted in solitude, is either a wild beast, or a god. for it is most true, that a natural and secret hatred, and aversion towards society, in any man, hath somewhat of the savage beast; but it is most untrue, that it should have any character at all of the divine nature; except it proceed, not out of a pleasure in solitude, but out of a love and desire to sequester a man's self, or a higher conversation: such as is found, to have been falsely and feignedly, in some of the heathen; as epimenides the candian, numa the roman, empedocles the sicilian, and apollonius of tyana; and truly and really, in divers of the ancient hermits, and holy fathers of the church.
喜欢孤独的人不是野兽便是神灵。说这话的人若要在寥寥数语之中,更能把真理和邪说放在一处,那就很难了。因为,若说一个人心里有了一种天生的,隐秘的,对社会的憎恨嫌弃,则那个人不免带点野兽底性质,这是极其真实的;然而要说这样的一个人居然有任何神灵底性质,则是极不真实的。只有一点可为例外,那就是当这种憎恨社会的心理不是出于对孤独的爱好而是出于一种想把自己退出社会以求更崇高的生活的心理的时候;这样的人异教徒中有些人曾冒充过,如克瑞蒂人埃辟曼尼底斯罗马人努马西西利人安辟道克利斯和蒂安那人阿波郎尼亚斯是也;而基督教会中许多的古隐者和长老则确有如此者。

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