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培根散文随笔集第5章:Of Adversity 论困厄论作伪与

2019年10月13日 英语美文 暂无评论
摘要:

培根散文随笔集中英对照,通过阅读文学名著学语言,是掌握英语的绝佳方法。既可接触原汁原味的英语,又能享受文学之美,一举两得,何乐不为?

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培根散文随笔集中英对照,通过阅读文学名著学语言,是掌握英语的绝佳方法。既可接触原汁原味的英语,又能享受文学之美,一举两得,何乐不为?

www.verywen.com

5 of adversity 论困厄 copyright verywen.com

it was an high speech of seneca (after the manner of the stoics) that the good things which belong to prosperity are to be wished; but the good things that belong to adversity are to be admired. bona rerum secudarum optabilia; adversarum mirabilia.
幸运底好处是应当希望的;但是厄运底好处是应当惊奇叹赏的,这是塞奈喀仿画廊派的高论。

美文网

certainly if miracles be the command over nature, they appear most in adversity. it is yet a higher speech of his than the other (much too high for a heathen): it is true greatness to have in one the fragility of a man and the security of a god. vere magnum habere fragilitaterm hominis securitatem da. this would have done better in poesy; where transcendencies are more allowed. and the poets indeed, have been busy with it; for it is, in effect, the thing which is figured in that strange fiction of the ancient poets, which seemeth not to be without mystery; nay, and to have some approach to the state of a christian: that hercules when he went to unbind prometheus (by whom human nature is represented) sailed the length of the great ocean in an earthen pot or pitcher: lively describing christian resolution; that saileth, in the frail barque of the flesh, through the waves of the world.
无疑地,如果奇迹底意思是超越自然,那么奇迹多是在厄运中出现的。塞氏还有一句比这更高的话(这话由一个异教徒说出,几乎是太高了):一个人有凡人底脆弱而又有神仙底自在无忧,那就是真正的伟大。这句话如果是一句诗,也许更好一点,因为在诗里头,高夸的说法,好象是更为可许似的。诗人们也真的常说这句话,因为这句话实际就是古诗人常述的那个奇谈中所表现的而这个奇谈又似乎非无深义的;不特如此,它所描写的还很有点接近基督徒底情形呢那就是当赫扣力斯去解放普罗密修斯的时候(普罗密修斯是象征人性的)他坐在一个瓦盆或瓦罐里渡过了大海。基督徒以血肉之躯的轻舟渡过世间底波涛的决心,这故事很生动地描写出来了。

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